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Explore UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Greece

13. The Pythagoreon and the Heraion of Samos in Greece

At the beginning of the 6th century, vases from Samos were among the most important Ionian products. The island was subsequently depopulated and had to serve as a naval base for the Persians, rendering an indifferent service to Miletus. Part of the sixty ships of Samos were involved in a betrayal at Lade.

However, this was not enough to dissuade the Samians from revolting against the Persians, and a revolt of the Samians against the Persians occurred at the Battle of Mycale in 479 BC. The Samians were then led by the Cymonians, who led an attack on the Persians.

Today, the Pythagoreion and its aqueduct are World Heritage Sites, and the archaeological site is home to a variety of ancient structures, including temples. The Pythagoreion was built near the famous mountain of Parnassus, and is a site where the Pythian Games were held.

Samos was inhabited as early as the 3rd millennium BC, and its archaeological sites include the ancient fortified port of Pythagorion, which contains Greek and Roman monuments. The Heraion, on the other hand, is a large temple dedicated to the goddess Hera. The Heraion also includes the Temple of Apollo Epicurius, which dates back to the 5th century.

The temple is surrounded by chapels, some of which have beautiful statues. The Heraion was the most important temple of Samos. It was 110 meters long and fifty-five meters wide. Its height was 25 meters. Its interior contained numerous treasures, stoas and votive offerings.

After the destruction of the Temple of Rhoikos, the Heraion was rebuilt into a larger structure, renamed “Temple of Polycrates”. This new building was named after a famous tyrant from Samos and had a floor plan that was more like that of a Greek temple.